It’s difficult to understand the history of airline industry. It doesn’t help that most entry level books skim over primary concepts because they assume that people have just been introduced to these ideas for the first time.
An airline is a company that provides air transportation service for passengers. They often partner with other airlines to make travel easier or even enter into alliances. The different types of airline service can be used by travelers.
Now, it seems like you are primarily interested in the backstory of airlines. Here we go!
A Brief Overview of the History of the Airline Industry
- Airlines are likely to hit a rough patch in the future due to the massive deregulation of the industry.
- To help achieve the safety goals, there are regulations that mandate standards to all parties in the industry.
- Huge safety improvements were a gradual process that happened as airlines were establishing themselves more prominently.
- From the newly implemented restrictions to the fare options available, travellers were finding it difficult to decide what was right for them.
- There were so many failed new carriers entering the industry that they made it difficult for others to survive. Eventually, some went bankrupt while others slowly faded out of existence.
The Birth of Flight?
In the early 20th century the first ever commercial airlines grew out of simple exploration in an attempt to tap into a global market. Airlines today are built on technology and highly popular, with millions upon millions of international tourist arrivals every year.
Beginning of Airlines & Execution to Mid-20th Century
Before 1925, aeroplanes were unpopular as people were afraid of the risk. After that year, a private airline monopoly was created where they delivered mail to protect people from the risks of being overcharged by the government.
Soon after the order to establish a whole air travelling system was made; the decision included the enforcement of air traffic rules. It also encompassed getting licensed pilots, ensuring airways and so on.
You Might Be Wondering Exactly What was The First Airline in World!
The first airline was born on 16 November 1909. It was a German airline, called DELAG and the first service had been up and running on 1 January 1914.
And if you are wondering which commercial airlines were the first to start, then the list would include Pan American, Ford transport Service, and Western Air Express.
It was the Aircraft Transport and Travel company from Europe that planned to start the first regular international service in the world. It was 25th August 1919 when they put their first regular international flight into action.
The reputation of the airline rose after this event. The airline had a wonderful reputation that only grew stronger in November 1919 when they were awarded the contract to fly British airmail.
Cost Regulation & Best Quality Service Competition During the Middle of the 20th Century
The year 1938 was an important year in the history of civil aviation. It is when several functions for airline got established. And that was done by a board created by the Civil Aeronautics Act.
Major 2 functions that the board was serving were:
Airlines needed to compete on the service they were providing. If airlines wanted passengers to continue flying with them, they had to provide the best quality service possible. The winner would be chosen based on that criteria.
This method of aviation made a difference for airlines that were already thriving. And it gave upstart companies a struggle to keep up. To make sure aviation was safe, the US government created the FAA in 1958.
Alfred Kahn Becoming CAB Chairman & The Popularity of Inexpensive Flights
It was during the 1970s that Alfred Kahn became chairman of the Civil Aeronautics Board. A few years later, he also advocated for deregulation and new economic policies.
With an influx of low-cost airlines in the market, British carriers were forced to lower their charges. This sparked a leading within the airline industry to reform their fees instead.
The 1978 act made it easier for airlines to start up because they no longer had the monopoly on flights. The CAB saw disbandment, which led to air travel becoming a lot cheaper.
Launch of New Carriers & Routes in Post Deregulation
One of the great ways to travel during that time was by air. Commercial airlines happened soon, along with lower fares. Animals were seen as competition until a change came into play in terms of public transportation.
A major strike of air traffic controllers in 1981 caused TWA and Pan American to fade out. They were left in huge demand by new carriers, many of which were willing to accept lower prices for potential passengers.
How the airlines fared in the early 1990s was not what they had experienced before. In the late 1990s, these airlines were beginning to see their profitability.
21st Century Seeing the Best Version of Airline
In 2001, a significant economic downturn that made fuel and labor costs more expensive occurred. Such an economic down turn led to both a substantial decrease in business travel and an increase in the years worth of losses for the industry. But it wasn’t until the year 2006 when the industry only saw “significant recovery” with its profitability
After a few revisions, it was met with warmer welcome again. The company made several improvements to their service, including treatment of passengers. There were also more positive indicators.
Once then in 2010-2011, the U.S Department of Transportation issued new regulations that required serious modifications for passengers seeking to justify their actions
And that is all we have for the history of airline industry. We tried to keep it sweet and simple for anyone looking for a quick overview of history.
Looking for a long history of the airline industry is something you can easily find online. For example, a history of the airline industry PowerPoint or Airline Industry Brief is a resource that you can use to get started on this project.
On That Note, Signing Off for Today